Drug rehab involves various medical and psychotherapeutic treatment programs for people with drug abuse and addiction problems. The process of drug treatment is sometimes split up into detoxification and rehabilitation, with detox enabling drug cessation and drug rehab treating the underlying causes of abuse and dependence. While the individual programs offered during drug rehab differ widely, there are a few major treatment modalities used in the majority of programs. The professionals at many of the Drug Rehab Centers Cleveland is home to work together to provide their patients with the most individualized and tailored care possible. Call Cleveland Drug Treatment Centers today at (216) 453-4274 for more information.
Addictive substances are often categorized according to their addiction status, with some drugs causing a physical withdrawal syndrome and others producing an emotional-motivational effect upon cessation of use. Drugs with a physical withdrawal syndrome include heroin, prescription opioids like oxycodone, benzodiazepines like Valium and Xanax, and alcohol. Drugs with a psychological withdrawal syndrome include methamphetamine, cocaine, marijuana, MDMA and ketamine. While physically addictive drugs also cause mental dependence in the vast majority of cases, the opposite is not the case. Drugs can also be categorized according to their legal status, with illicit drugs on one side of the fence and alcohol and prescription medications on the other.
It's not uncommon for people living with a substance use disorder to also have other addiction problems. Secondary addictions may require additional medication and therapy during detox and treatment, with doctors and clinicians needing to be careful of cross-tolerant drug relationships before starting a medication regime. The co-occurrence of substance use and mental health disorders is also a serious issue, with this condition known as co-occurring disorders or dual diagnosis. Before applying treatment for a single substance use disorder, doctors need to carefully evaluate patients for the existence of mental problems. Possible dual diagnosis scenarios include depression and alcoholism, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and opioid abuse, and anxiety disorders and benzodiazepine dependence.
Behavioral therapy forms the basis of many treatment programs, with cognitive behavioral therapy a particular combination of behavioral and cognitive principles. During cognitive behavioral therapy, patients are taught how to link their internal thoughts and feelings with their external behavioral responses. There are six phases recognized in the majority of cognitive behavioral programs: psychological assessment, reconceptualization, skills acquisition, skills consolidation, generalization and maintenance, and post-treatment assessment follow-up. While there is a lot of flexibility within each of these phases, the reconceptualization phase is integral and marks the "cognitive" portion of this powerful form of therapy.
Motivational interviewing is another form of behavioral therapy, originally developed by clinical psychologists Professor William R Miller, Ph.D. and Professor Stephen Rollnick, Ph.D. to treat problem drinkers. Motivational interviewing attempts to facilitate and engage intrinsic motivation, with patients given specific techniques and goals to resolve their ambivalence and change their behavioral responses. Much like other forms of behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing teaches patients to recognize the intricate links between their thoughts, emotions and behavioral patterns. Unlike non-directive forms of counseling, however, motivational interviewing is a goal-oriented approach that actively helps patients to think about their behavior. Motivational interviewing uses four general processes to achieve its goals: engaging the patient to talk about issues and concerns, focusing the conversation to particular habits and patterns, evoking motivational responses, and planning practical steps to make lifestyle changes.
If you or a loved one is struggling with drug addiction or abuse, call Cleveland Drug Treatment Centers at (216) 453-4274 today for help finding treatment programs that will give you the support and resources to overcome your addiction.